Central New York
Karate and Kobudo Schools

The Recognized Leader in Traditional
Okinawan Martial Arts since 1963
East Syracuse: (315) 437-9417
Chittenango: (315) 687-5673
Camillus: (315) 437-1274
Email: Sensei Labbate



 

Terminology

Part of the fun of learning karate is learning about a new language. The following terms are introduced gradually as you progress through different training levels.

Counting   ·    General Vocabulary   ·    Stances     ·    Hand Techniques
Foot Techniques   ·    Blocking Techniques   ·    Practice Fighting
Parts of the Foot   ·    Foot Movements   ·    Kamae

Counting

ichi one
ni two
san three
shi (yon) four
go five
roku six
shichi (nana) seven
hachi eight
ku nine
ju ten

General Vocabulary

jodan upper area
chudan middle area
gedan lower area
hajime begin
yame stop
kime focus
rei bow
yoi ready
hidari left
migi right
ushiro back
tanden (dantien) a point in the lower abdomen
kokyu donto respiration
karate empty hand
karate ka one who practices karate; karate student
goju hard soft
ryu style
shomen front wall of the dojo
shugo line up
seiza seated kneeling position
mokuso meditation
shomen ni rei bow to front wall
sensei ni rei bow to sensei
do way
sensei teacher (one who leads the way)
senpai senior student
dai great
gi karate uniform
obi belt
dojo training hall; school; (way place)
kiotsuke attention
kyu ranks below black belt
dan black belt ranks
ippon one (strike, point, etc)
waza technique
onegai shimasu please teach me
domo arigato gozaimasu/gozaimashita thank you very much
kiai spirit yell
kumite fighting
seiken fist
ashi foot
te hand
bunkai application
kime focus
goshin jutsu self defense techniques
kamae on guard
tori attacker
uke blocker/defender
mae forward
yoko side
tate upward
hojo-undo supplementary training
junbi-undo preliminary exercises (warm-up)
makiwara punching board (literally a type of straw)
chishi strength stone
nigiri-game clay jars
ishisashi stone padlock (dumbbells)
tan length of wood (similar to modern barbell)
kongoken training tool (95 + pounds)
makiagi-gu wrist roll
jari-bako buckets of sand, rice, beans
kotekitae exercises performed against a partner
kakie sensitivity drill (2 man)

Stances

dachi stance
heisoku dachi closed foot stance (feet together)
musubi dachi formal attention stance (heels together, feet at an angle)
heiko dachi parallel stance (feet shoulder width apart)
hachiji dachi natural stance (feet shoulder width, toes slightly pointed out)
shiko dachi sumo stance
kiba dachi horse stance
sanchin dachi three battles stance
zenkutsu dachi forward stance
han zenkutsu dachi half forward stance
neko ashi dachi cat foot stance
renoji dachi walking stance

Hand Techniques

zuki punch
seiken zuki two knuckle punch
age zuki upper cut punch
kage zuki hook punch
yama zuki mountain punch
heiko zuki parallel punch
uchi strike
soku zuki undercut
uraken uchi backfist
shuto uchi sword hand strike
yoko shuto uchi side sword hand strike
age hiji ate rising elbow strike
heito uchi ridge hand strike
hiji uchi (empi) elbow strike
tettsui uchi bottom fist strike
nukite zuki finger thrust
hira nukite zuki horizontal finger thrust
shotei zuki palm heel thrust
furi zuki circular swing punch
mawashi zuki round hook punch
tate zuki vertical fist punch
kizami zuki leading jab punch
oi zuki lunge punch
gyaku zuki reverse punch
nihon zuki double punch
sanbon zuki triple punch
sun zuki one inch punch
jun zuki leading punch
morote zuki two fisted punch
tsukami hiki grab pull
ashi dori leg takedown
nage waza throwing technique
geri kick
mae geri (keage) front snap kick
mae geri (kekomi) front thrust kick
kensetsu geri side knee joint kick
hiza geri knee kick
nidan geri double front snap kick (rear leg first)
ren geri double front snap kick (front leg first)
ashi barai foot sweep
tobi geri jumping kick
furi geri swing kick
kakato otoshi heel drop
mae fumikomi geri front stomp kick
kosa fumikomi geri cross stomp kick

Blocking Techniques

uke block
jodan uke rising block
chudan uke inside circular block
shotei harai uke palm heel sweeping block
shotei otoshi uke palm heel descending block
hojo uke augmented block
hari uke bow and arrow block
kuri uke circular elbow block
kosa uke cross block
kake uke hook block
shotei osae palm heel press
gedan uke downward block
hiki uke grasping block
shuto uke sword hand block
shotei uke palm heel block
ko uke wrist block
hiji uke elbow block
hiza uke knee block
mawashi uke round house block
soto uke inside forearm block
morote uke double handed block
tora guchi tiger mouth (block and strike)

Practice Fighting

kumite sparring
sandan gi basic sparring adapted from Geikisai kata
sanbon kumite three step sparring (3 jodan, 3 chudan, 3 gedan)
ippon kumite one point sparring where one blocks an attack and then counters
sandan kumite three step, three level sparring (1 jodan, 1 chudan, 1 gedan)
sanbon zuki kumite three step sparring blocking with one hand against a triple punch
kihon ippon kumite basic one step sparring
jiyu ippon kumite one step free sparring from stance
randori slow and soft free style with emphasis on technique
jiyu kumite hard and fast controlled free style fighting

Parts of the Foot

josokutei ball of the foot
sokuto edge of foot
kakato heel
haisoku instep
tsumasaki tip of the toes

Foot Movements

suri ashi sliding step
tsugi ashi shuffling step
ayumi ashi natural stepping
keri ashi kicking foot
tenshin moving
chakuchi landing

Kamae

kamae combative posture
morote no kamae middle level combative posture
shizen dachi no kamae natural combative posture
hanmi no kamae half forward facing combative posture
mugamae "No Posture" combative posture
 


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